THE GUNPOWDER AGE: CHINA, MILITARY INNOVATION, AND THE RISE OF THE WEST IN WORLD HISTORY
448pp., 30 illus., P.B. 2017. The Chinese invented gunpowder and began exploring its military uses as early as the 900s, four centuries before the technology passed to the West. But by the early 1800s, China had fallen so far behind the West in gunpowder warfare that it was easily defeated by Britain in the Opium War of 1839-42. What happened?