THE KEY TO LISBON: THE THIRD INVASION OF PORTUGAL, 1810-11
256pp., 9 plates, 11 maps. 2019. The preparation, planning and execution of the invasion of Portugal in 1810 by the French Armee under Marshal Massena, and the defensive measures taken by the British and their Portuguese and Spanish allies. The sources used provide a different interpretation of some key aspects of the campaign to those which are generally accepted.