THE KOMNENE DYNASTY: BYZANTIUM’S STRUGGLE FOR SURVIVAL 1057-1185
256pp., 20 illus. 2018. The 128-year dynasty of the Komneni (1057 to 1185) was the last great epoch of Byzantium, when the empire had to fend off Turkish and Norman foes simultaneously. It saw several changes in military practice, such as the adoption of heavy cavalry, the extensive use of foreign mercenaries and the neglect of the navy.