THE LION AND THE DRAGON: BRITAIN’S OPIUM WARS WITH CHINA 1839-1860
304pp., 52 illus.incl.colour, 5 maps. 2019. The first conflict, known as the First Anglo-Chinese War or Opium War (1839-42), ended in British victory and the Treaty of Nanking. However, this treaty was heavily biased in favour of the British, and it would not be long before there was a renewal of hostilities, taking the form of what became known as the Second Anglo-Chinese War or Arrow War (1857-60). Again, the second conflict would end with an ‘unequal treaty’ that was heavily biased towards the victor.